- English By Ngô Hồng
Unit 6: Exercise 1 In IELTS Speaking Part 3, the examiner checks your fluency and coherence. This means that you should try to speak without a lot of pauses or repetition, as well as talking about your ideas clearly and in a logical order. Match the descriptions with the explanations. to avoid hesitation to avoid repetition to be coherent to self-correct to speak at length to use connectives and discourse markers 1. use synonyms and paraphrases __________________________________ 2. use language which gives you time to think (e.g. ‘Let me think about that for a moment.’) ________________________________ 3. talk for a long time without stopping _________________________________ 4. use words and phrases which link ideas together _______________________________________ 5. change a wrong word / phrase immediately after saying it to the right word / phrase (e.g. ‘I think, I thought’) _________________________________ 6. organise and explain ideas clearly ______________________________ Unit 6: Exercise 2 Read the examiner’s questions and the student’s answers, looking at the words and phrases in bold. Then match the descriptions with the student’s answers. to avoid hesitation to avoid repetition to be coherent to self-correct to speak at length to use connectives and discourse markers 1. Examiner: Has your hometown changed much in recent years? Student: Actually, I would say that my village has remained the same in the last few years. _________________________________ 2. Examiner: What do you like most about your hometown? Student: I live in a village and the thing I like most is the tranquillity. I really enjoy walking by the river or in the woods, and I love taking photographs of the wildlife. _______________________________ 3. Examiner: Is your hometown a popular place for tourists to visit? Student: No, not really. Firstly, it isn’t near any big cities and secondly, there isn’t a train station or regular buses.______________________________________ 4. Examiner: Now, let’s go on to talk about sport. What’s your favourite sport? Student: Oh, I love Formula 1®. My favourite pilot – sorry, I mean driver – is Sebastian Vettel. __________________________________
5. Examiner: How often do you play sports yourself? Student: Well, I play tennis on Tuesdays and Thursdays because the court at school is free on those days. _________________________________ 6. Examiner: Do you prefer watching sports live or on TV? Student: That’s an interesting question. Let me think about it for a moment …_________________________________ Unit 6: Exercise 3 Students can show a lack of fluency and coherence in the IELTS Speaking test if they hesitate or repeat themselves too much. Listen and identify the problem with each of the student’s answers. 1. o Hesitation o repetition 1.MP3 2. o Hesitation o repetition 2.MP3 3. o Hesitation o repetition 3.MP3 4. o Hesitation o repetition 4.MP3 5. o Hesitation o repetition 5.MP3 Unit 6: Exercise 4
Watch the videos. Notice how the student uses a range of words and phrases to speak fluently and coherently. Complete the student’s answers using the words in the box. I think usually and and because because but don't know whereas Examiner: Do you prefer watching sports live or on TV? Student: It depends, ____________________ on TV we can follow all the event or competition, ____________________ you can’t miss anything, _________________ when you’re live at the events, … it is very difficult to 1.MP4 follow ___________________ a lot of people are around you, _____________________ I prefer as well the emotion that you have in a stadium, for example. Examiner: And now, let’s go on to talk about celebrations. Family celebrations for example, birthdays and school graduations. What events did your family celebrate when you were growing up? Student: _______________ we celebrated Christmas. It’s a famous celebration in 2.MP4 my country. _________________ it’s the moment when we can share a lot of things with our family; a moment when I can be with my family _____________________ I ____________________ … it’s something totally different … Unit 6: Exercise 5 In order to avoid repetition, it’s useful to learn vocabulary related to IELTS Speaking Part 2 topics. Complete the table with the correct forms of the words related to the topic of the environment.
verbs nouns adjectives donate _________________ Donated — environment _________________ impact _________________ Impactful _________________ litter Littered preserve _________________ _________________ _________________ recycling Recycled Reused reuse — ___________________ volunteering volunteer voluntary ______________ Unit 6: Exercise 6 Complete the sentences about the environment. Use the words in the box. Donate donations environment environmental impact litter preserve recycled reusable voluntary 1. I think it’s important to care for the _______________________ . 2. We need more ________________ bins in cities so that people have somewhere to put their rubbish. 3. It’s good that supermarkets sell _________________ shopping bags. 4. Doing __________________ work is a great way of helping out. 5. Charity organisations need _______________ in order to pay for things. 6. If we want to save wildlife, we need to __________________ the forests. 7. My town has places where you can take bottles to be ___________________ . 8. Reducing the number of cars in the city will have an immediate ________________ on air pollution. 9. It’s important to take _________________ issues seriously. 10. I like to ________________ to wildlife charities, because I like nature. Unit 6: Exercise 7