Practice Name Study Skill: Skim and Scan When you skim, you look quickly through a selection to find out what it is about. You look for its main idea and important details. When you scan, you run your eyes through a text looking for a specific word or phrase. You don’t read every word. Read the information below. Then answer the questions that follow. How to Scan for Information When you scan for information, follow these steps. • Identify the key words and phrases that you are looking for. • Pass your eyes over each line of print quickly. • Don’t stop until you see your key word or phrase. • Double-check to be sure that you have found the information. 1. Why would it not have been useful to skim the passage above the box? 2. If you’re looking for key words and phrases, are you skimming or scanning? 3. Which of the following is the best key word or phrase that you would use © Macmillan /McGraw-Hill for scanning? a. hammerhead b. sharks c. marine life 4. Which do you think is more useful, skimming or scanning? Explain your answer. At Home: Together, skim a passage. Discuss what the Exploring the Undersea Territory passage is about. Grade 4/Unit 5 167
Practice Name Vocabulary Strategy: Relationship An analogy shows how two pairs of words are related. The first pair of words has to be related to the second pair in the same way. An example of an analogy is hot is to summer as cold is to winter. Complete each analogy with a word from the box. enormous listening submarine evening elated ocean sights painter expensive furious 1. Saltwater is to as freshwater is to stream. 2. Breakfast is to morning as dinner is to . 3. Ship is to above water as is to below water. 4. Camera is to photographer as paintbrush is to . 5. Big is to as small is to tiny. 6. Watching is to movie as is to music. 7. Sad is to miserable as angry is to . 8. are to eyes as smells are to nose. © Macmillan /McGraw-Hill Write two more analogies below. 9. is to as is to . 10. is to as is to . At Home: Together, complete the following analogies: Tires is to Exploring the Undersea Territory 168 Grade 4/Unit 5 bicycle as wheels are to rollerskates. Many is to few as always is to never.
Practice Name Phonics: Accented Syllables When you say a two-syllable word, one of the syllables is pronounced with more emphasis. The syllable pronounced with more emphasis is the accented syllable. In the word between, the second syllable is accented. Word First Syllable Second Syllable between be tween cancel remind frosty behave tender action chamber gather belief confuse contain certain mustang convince damage Say each word from the list above aloud. Then sort the words into two groups: words with an accented first syllable and words with an accented second syllable. First Syllable Accented Second Syllable Accented © Macmillan /McGraw-Hill At Home: Take turns saying the following words: carpet, Exploring the Undersea Territory dentist, demand, noble. Decide whether the accent in each Grade 4/Unit 5 169 word is on the ﬁrst or second syllable.