Unit 32 - Geography Study note

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Name Date Class Section 1 Quiz The Land MATCHING: Match each item in Column A with an item in Column B. Write the correct letters in the blanks. (10 points each) A B 1. “many islands” A. coral 2. the sparsely-populated central and western B. Melanesia parts of Australia 3. limestone skeletons produced by tiny sea C. Outback creatures D. Polynesia 4. volcano on New Zealand 5. “black islands” E. Ruapehu MULTIPLE CHOICE: In each blank on the left, write the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. (10 points each) 6. Australia has rich mineral resources, including a. bauxite, opals, zinc, coal, and gold. c. rubies and pearls. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. b. gold, silver, and emeralds. d. aluminum, emeralds, and copper. 7. The Great Barrier Reef consists of a. a single enormous coral reef c. a series of more than 2,500 small along the Australian coast. coral reefs. b. four connected coral reefs that d. a place where you can no longer find circle Australia. any coral. 8. Oceania’s atolls are formed by a. uplifting. c. continental drift. b. the buildup of coral. d. volcanic activity. 9. Most of South Island in New Zealand is a. a fertile lowland plain c. a tropical rain forest. with many farms and ranches. b. a dry and barren landscape d. covered by towering snowy of brown hills and rocks. mountains. 10. Oceania’s island types include a. high islands. c. continental islands. b. low islands. d. all of the above Section Quizzes and Chapter Tests 395

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Name Date Class Section 2 Quiz Climate and Vegetation MATCHING: Match each item in Column A with an item in Column B. Write the correct letters in the blanks. (10 points each) A B 1. large, interior desert area A. Oceania 2. about 90 percent of its plants are native B. typhoons 3. violent storms formed in the doldrums C. New Zealand 4. lies mostly between the Equator and the Tropic of Capricorn D. Antarctica 5. very cold year-round E. Western Plateau MULTIPLE CHOICE: In each blank on the left, write the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. (10 points each) 6. Most of New Zealand has a a. desert climate. c. marine west coast climate. b. steppe climate. d. tropical climate. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 7. The doldrums are the result of a. warm, wet air colliding with c. dry air rising over central cooler, drier air. Australia. b. high humidity. d. opposing ocean currents near the Equator. 8. The ____________ receives an average annual rainfall of 315 inches (800 cm). a. Antarctic Plateau c. Southern Alps b. Western Plateau d. Great Dividing Range 9. Eucalyptus and acacia trees grow in Australia’s a. interior deserts. c. steppe climate region surrounding the deserts. b. Western Plateau. d. Great Barrier Reef off the coast of the continent. 10. Most islands in Oceania have a a. mild tropical dry climate. c. humid desert climate. b. tropical wet climate. d. windy, dry, and warm climate. 396 Section Quizzes and Chapter Tests

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Name Date Class Section 1 Quiz Australia and New Zealand MATCHING: Match each item in Column A with an item in Column B. Write the correct letters in the blanks. (10 points each) A B 1. a major commercial port in Australia A. dominion 2. Australian English B. Strine 3. self-governing country with a larger empire C. Auckland 4. indigenous people of New Zealand D. Melbourne 5. port city in New Zealand E. Maori MULTIPLE CHOICE: In each blank on the left, write the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. (10 points each) 6. The first Aborigines probably arrived in Australia 40,000 to 60,000 years ago from a. New Zealand. c. Africa. b. Southeast Asia. d. South America. 7. The major language of Australia and New Zealand is Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. a. French. c. pidgin English. b. English. d. Spanish. 8. British sailor James Cook a. claimed eastern Australia for c. circled Antarctica. Great Britain. b. made maps of Australia and the d. all of the above. islands of the South Pacific. 9. Today, Maori artisans continue a tradition of a. elaborate woodcarving. c. rock painting. b. belief in the Dreamtime. d. speaking Strine. 10. In Australia and New Zealand, where do most people live? a. along the coastal areas c. in the western areas of the countries b. split evenly between coastal d. in large cities in the interior portions and interior areas of the countries Section Quizzes and Chapter Tests 405

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Name Date Class Section 2 Quiz Oceania MATCHING: Match each item in Column A with an item in Column B. Write the correct letters in the blanks. (10 points each) A B 1. island in French Polynesia A. pidgin English 2. raising plants and fruit on small plots of land B. Tahiti 3. U.S. territory in Micronesia C. horticulture 4. possess an egalitarian social structure D. Chimbu 5. blend of indigenous languages and English E. Guam MULTIPLE CHOICE: In each blank on the left, write the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. (10 points each) 6. What are the three major indigenous groups of Oceania? a. Melanesians, Maoris, c. Melanesians, Polynesians, and Polynesians and Micronesians b. Melanesians, Micronesians, d. Melanesians, New Zealanders, and Australians and Polynesians Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 7. are some of the many islands in Melanesia. a. Papua New Guinea, Nauru, c. New Caledonia, Tuvalu, and Tonga and the Marianas b. Guam and the Solomon Islands d. Fiji and Papua New Guinea 8. How did the early indigenous peoples of Oceania obtain food? a. by farming and hunting c. by fishing and trading with one another b. by growing crops such as rice, d. by gathering seafood, coconuts, and wheat, breadfruit, coconuts, breadfruit as well as cultivating and corn crops such as yams 9. Many of today’s conflicts in Oceania have their roots in a. colonial times. c. climate changes during the past 200 years. b. indigenous struggles. d. ocean tides and mineral rights. 10. Most islanders in Oceania live a. in the mountains. c. on the coasts. b. in the interior regions. d. by lagoons. 406 Section Quizzes and Chapter Tests

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Name Date Class Section 1 Quiz The Economy MATCHING: Match each item in Column A with an item in Column B. Write the correct letters in the blanks. (10 points each) A B 1. country with 20 times more farm animals than people A. grazier 2. country with rich deposits of gold and copper B. Australia 3. member of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation C. New Zealand forum (APEC) 4. exporter of copra D. Fiji 5. a rancher in New Zealand E. Papua New Guinea MULTIPLE CHOICE: In each blank on the left, write the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. (10 points each) 6. Public debate about Aboriginal land rights a. has kept the mining industry c. has helped mining companies open from mining on certain lands. new lands for development. b. has had little impact on the d. is now a dead issue in Australia. mining industry in Australia. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 7. are the South Pacific region’s major producers of manufactured goods. a. Melanesia and New Zealand c. Micronesia and Polynesia b. New Zealand and Papua d. Australia and New Zealand New Guinea 8. Because of the dry climate, some stations (ranches) in Australia are a. tiny. c. up to 6,000 square miles in area. b. much smaller than ranches in d. unused in the summertime. the United States. 9. Which of the following statements about manufacturing in Oceania is accurate? a. It is focused on heavy industries, c. It is limited to high-tech industries such as automobiles and steel. and electronics. b. It is becoming increasingly d. It is centered in cities with a focused on service industries. population of 10 million or more. 10. Air and water travel are important to this region because of a. long distances and physical c. the abundance of roads and vehicles obstacles to road-building. available for use. b. the lack of cars or trucks. d. tourists’ unwillingness to rent cars once they arrive. Section Quizzes and Chapter Tests 415

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Name Date Class Section 2 Quiz People and Their Environment MATCHING: Match each item in Column A with an item in Column B. Write the correct letters in the blanks. (10 points each) A B 1. substance that provides food for organisms that A. marsupials make up coral reefs 2. phenomenon that could lead to flooding of many B. algae islands in Oceania 3. location of hole in ozone layer, discovered in C. nuclear radiation the 1970s 4. animal group that includes many endangered species D. global warming 5. cause of major illness and deaths in the Marshall Islands E. Antarctica MULTIPLE CHOICE: In each blank on the left, write the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. (10 points each) 6. Australia has numerous unique animal species because a. it shares borders with many c. it has been separated for a long time other countries. from other landmasses. Copyright © Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. b. the fish and game departments d. they thrive on the Australian climate. are careful to protect them. 7. Some of the animal species introduced to Australia a. have taken over the natural c. are becoming rapidly extinct. habitats of native species. b. have been destroyed by the d. have had little or no effect on the native species. ecological balance of the country. 8. With what is soil conservation in Australia closely linked? a. the development of high-tech c. the need for reduced ozone emissions industries b. urban growth d. reducing deforestation 9. The United States and other countries during the 1940s and 1950s. a. prevented the testing of nuclear c. carried out aboveground nuclear weapons in Oceania testing in New Guinea b. carried out aboveground nuclear d. strongly objected to aboveground testing in Oceania nuclear testing in any part of the world 10. Which statement about the hole in the ozone layer is accurate? a. It has remained the same size c. It affects life around the world. over the last 40 years. b. It shrank dramatically between d. A similar hole has appeared over 1975 and 1993. Africa. 416 Section Quizzes and Chapter Tests