Reading Comprehension

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    English
  1. English
  2. By Elsa Novia Barata
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WEEK 30 DAY Name:________________________________ Date:___________________ 1 Directions Read the text and then answer the questions. SCORE When you go to sleep at night, you probably think that you are not doing much. Your body is in one place, your eyes are closed, and you don’t talk to people. But your body is doing 1. Y N more than you think it is! Scientists have used special, sophisticated machines to study the way people sleep. They have found that your brain is actually very busy when you sleep. There are several stages of sleep in a sleep cycle. You go through the sleep cycle multiple times each night. Your brain’s activity level is a little different in each stage. The final stage 2. Y N of the cycle is called rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. During REM, your eyes are moving even though you are asleep. That is how this stage got its name. Most of your dreams occur during REM sleep. 3. Y N 1. What is your brain doing while you 4. Which is a synonym for occur? are sleeping? 4. Y N A run A It is not able to work. B sleep B It is only a little busy. C 5. Y N happen C It is also asleep. D wake D It is very busy. 5. Which word describes the tone of ___ / 5 2. What is true about people during this text? Total REM sleep? A informative A They dream. B cautionary B They are awake. C funny C They talk a lot. D serious D They feel sick. 3. How else could you say asleep? A slept B sleep C sleeping D sleepwalk © Shell Education #50926—180 Days of Reading for Fifth Grade 189

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WEEK 30 DAY 2 Name:________________________________ Date:___________________ Directions Read the text and then answer the questions. SCORE Do you ever remember your dreams? You may not remember what you dream, but you 1. Y N probably dream every night—almost everyone does. Why do you have dreams? Scientists disagree on exactly why you dream. Some say it is your brain’s way of processing things. You learn a lot and have a lot of things happen to you, so while you sleep, your brain processes that information. Dreaming might be the way your brain makes sense of what 2. Y N happens to you. Some say that dreams are the way your brain solves problems. Suppose you are upset about something. Dreams may be a way for your brain to help you feel better. People may not agree on why you dream. But everyone agrees that dreaming is very important. You need to dream so that your brain is ready for the next day. 3. Y N 1. What is this text mostly about? 4. Which is an antonym of remember? 4. Y N A how to fall asleep A sleep B where to find a good bed B talk 5. Y N C how many hours of sleep you need C forget D dreams D recall ___ / 5 2. Which statement about dreams is 5. What do we process in the same not true? way we process information? Total A Nobody knows exactly why A problems people dream. B socks B Only a few people dream. C products C Dreaming is very important. D paper D There are several ideas about why people dream. 3. What does the prefix dis– in the word disagree mean? A large B not C water D with 190 #50926—180 Days of Reading for Fifth Grade © Shell Education

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WEEK 30 DAYS 4–5 Name:________________________________ Date:__________________ Sweet Dreams A good night’s sleep is very important for your health. Your brain and your body use that time to do all kinds of things that they cannot do as well when you’re awake. How much sleep do you need? Every person is a little different, but many experts say that children need about ten hours of sleep per night. So if you wake up at seven o’clock to go to school, you should be going to bed by nine o’clock at night. Sometimes it’s not easy to fall asleep quickly, though. You might have a lot of energy. Or you might be excited about something. Maybe you’re worried about something. When that happens, it’s hard to get sleepy. Here are some things you can do to make it easier for you to get the sleep you need: • Keep your body in a routine by going to bed at the same time every night. • Do something calming right before bedtime, such as taking a warm bath or reading. • Limit sodas, iced tea, and other foods and drinks that contain caffeine. • Turn off your TV when it is time to sleep. Better yet, don’t have a TV in your room. Studies show that children who have a TV in their rooms sleep less. • Don’t watch scary TV shows or movies close to bedtime because these can sometimes make it hard to fall asleep. • Exercise during the day—it will help you sleep better at night. But don't exercise just before going to bed. • Don't do homework, read, play games, or talk on the phone in bed. Use your bed just for sleeping—you’ll train your body to associate your bed with sleep. If you follow these handy tips, you will get yourself relaxed before bedtime. Then, it will be easier for you to fall asleep and stay asleep. 192 #50926—180 Days of Reading for Fifth Grade © Shell Education

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WEEK 30 DAY Name:________________________________ Date:__________________ 4 Directions Read “Sweet Dreams” and then answer the questions. SCORE 1. Which is true for the bulleted list in 5. What would the author’s advice be the text? for readers? 1. Y N A The first item is the most important. A sleep less B Each item on the list is important and B stop getting exercise supports the main idea. 2. Y N C buy a TV C The items should be done in order. D get plenty of sleep D Bulleted lists make no sense. 3. Y N 6. Why might having a TV in your room 2. Which of these is a topic sentence keep you awake? stating a main idea? 4. Y N A You would forget to turn it on. A You might have a lot of energy. B You would not like having a TV. B A good night’s sleep is very important 5. for your health. C You would turn it off to sleep. Y N C Try to go to bed at the same time D You would watch it instead every night. of sleeping. 6. Y N D Use your bed just for sleeping. 7. Why do you think being excited about something might keep you awake? 3. What is a purpose for reading 7. Y N this text? A You will be afraid to fall out of bed. A to find ways to sleep better B You will fall asleep very quickly. C 8. Y N B to learn good study habits You will think about what is making you excited instead of getting sleepy. C to learn how to cook D You eat too much if you are excited. D to find a good place to buy a bed ___ / 8 8. Which is the best summary of 4. What is an accurate inference this text? Total about caffeine? A People can get a good night's sleep A It can make you sleepy. by following some helpful tips. B It can keep you awake. B Sleep is not important. C It is good for your health. C Children don't know how to go to sleep. D It is hard to find. D Many people have sleep issues. © Shell Education #50926—180 Days of Reading for Fifth Grade 193