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READING COMPREHENSHION A literate population is a necessity for any nation wishing to take advantage of modern technological growth. For instance, research has shown a direct relationship between literacy among women and improved health' and child care in the family. The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has long supported the concept that education must be considered an ongoing process. Adult education has long been important in Europe, where formal programs began in the 18th century. In Britain, concern for the education of poor and working-class people resulted in the growth of adult education programs, such as the evening school and the, Mechanic's Institute, to expand education opportunities for all people: After the Russian Revolution, the Russian government virtually eliminated illiteracy through the establishment of various institutions and extension classes for adults. In other areas of the world, adult education movements are of a more recent origin. In 1960, Egypt established a 'schools for the people' system designed to educate the adult population. In the 1970s, countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America began to increase opportunities for adult education. Innovative programs involving the mass media are being used in many countries. Tanzania, for example, has used mass education techniques and the radio to organize national education programs in health, nutrition, and citizenship. In the 1980s, international educational exchange programs grew in popularity in the United States and many other countries. 1. What does this passage mainly discuss? a. National education b. Illiteracy eradication c. Adult education d. Primary education 2. It can be inferred from this passage that education ________. a. help people to read and write b. is an important factor in the country's development c. is a constant process d. must only be given to adults 3. Which of the followings is not' true? a. Adult education has boomed in Europe in recent years. b. Educated women know how to take care of their children properly. c. Illiteracy is almost erased in Russia. d. In many countries, mass education is carried out through television. 4. Which of the followings is not mentioned as means used for mass education? a. radio b. newspapers c. internet d. textbooks 5. According to the passage, adult education ________. TẬP TIẾNG ANH 11 a. offers opportunities for promotion b. is to educate people to improve their health c. is popular all over the world nowadays d. has been developed thanks to the mass media

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