ĐỀ ÔN HỌC SINH GIỎI 12 ĐỌC HIỂU SỐ 2 SECTION III: READING (6.0 POINTS) Part 1. Read the passage below and choose the best answer A, B, C, or D for each question The Beatles become the most popular group in rock music history. The quartet of extraordinarily talented musicians generated a phenomenal number of pieces that won gold records. They inspired a frenzy that transcended countries and economic strata. While all of them sang, John Lennon and Paul McCartney wrote the majority of their songs. Originally, Lennon and five others formed a group called the Quarrymen in 1956, with McCartney joining them later that year. George Harrison, John Lennon , and Paul McCartney, together with Stuart Sutcliffe, who played the bass guitar, and Pete Best on the drums, performed together in several bands for a few years, until they finally settled on the Silver Beatles in 1960. American rock musicians, such as Chuck Berry and Elvis Presley, influenced Lennon's and McCartney's music, whose first hits consisted of simple tunes and lyrics about young love, "Love Me Do" and "Please, Please Me". The Beatles' U.S. tour propelled them to stardom and led to two movies A Hard Day's Night and Help! , filmed in 1964 and 1965. The so-called British invasion of the United States was in full swing when they took the top five sports on the singles charts, followed by the release of their first film. During the 1960s, their music matured and acquired a sense of melody. The lyrics of their songs became deeper and gained in both imagination and meaning. Their popularity continued to grow as the Beatles turned their attention to social problems and political issues in "Nowhere Man" and "Eleanor Rigby". Loneliness and nostalgia come through in their ballads "Michelle" and "Yesterday", which fully displayed the group' professional developing and sophistication. Lennon's sardonic music with lyrics written in the first person, and McCartney's songs that create scenarios with off beat individuals, contributed to the character of the music produced by the group. In addition to their music, the Beatles set a social trend that popularized long hair, Indian music, and mod dress. For a variety of reasons, the musicians began to drift apart, and their last concert took place in San Francisco in 1966. The newspaper and tabloids publicized their quarrels and lawsuits, and the much idolized group finally disbanded in 1970. However, their albums had outsold those of any other band in history. Although all of the Beatles continued to perform solo or form of rock groups, alone, none could achieve the recognition and success that they had been associated together. 1. What does the passage mainly discuss? A. The history and music of the Beatles B. The history and milestones of rock music C. The fashion and music popular in the 1960s D. The creation and history of a music group 2. According to the passage, how many members were in the band, formed in 1956? A. Four B. Five C. Six D. Seven 3. According to the passage, which of the Beatles had the greatest musical talent? A. John Lennon and Paul McCartney B. George Harrison and John Lennon C. Stuart Sutcliffe and Pete Best D. John Lennon, Paul McCartney and George Harrison

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