ICT 8

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    English
  1. Computers
  2. 8 Grade
  3. By hussain korir
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END OF SEMESTER 1 PROGRESSION TEST 2021 Information Communication & Technology 1. Computers are believed to have evolved from one generation to the other, a) What are the main generations of computers? List them(2mk) 2. What is an input device?(1mk) b) Name four examples of direct data input devices.(2mk) 3. RAM and ROM are examples of storage devices used in a computer, a) What is the meaning of ROM?(1mk) b) What is the meaning of RAM?(1mk) c) Give the difference between ROM and RAM.(2mk) 4. What is computer hardware?(2mk) b) Name the examples of computer hardware.(2mk) c) Maimuna’s printer is not functioning well, Is a Printer, a hardware or Software?(1mk)

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5. Write down two advantages of using a GUI rather than a CLI.(2mk) 6. Explain the difference between software and Hardware.(2mk) b) Software are categorized into , Application softwares and system softwares give two examples in (2mk) i) System Software- b) Application Software_ 7. Now days robots are widely used in the field of medicine, Name other areas where robots can be used.(2mk) b) What are the advantages of using robots ?(2mk) c) What are the disadvantages of using robots?(2mk) 8. The school was planning to hold a web conference at the end of the year , a. Name three devices the the school would need in order to be able to contact the conference.(3mk) 9. The following are sensors used in ICT, State the function of each. A .Proximity sensor.(2mk) b) Moisture sensor.(2mk)

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c) Motion sensor.(2mk) d) P.H sensor.(2mk) 10. What are the main components of the C.P.U ?(3mk) b) What are the three types of peripherals(2mk) C ) What are the main roles of the C.P.U ? (3mk) 11. Define the word network.(2mk) b) Name three types of network(3mk) C) Differentiate between storage and memory. d) Give five advantages of Networks(5mk) 12. A) Name five network devices/hardware(3mk) b) Differentiate bêtween a hub and a switch(4mk)

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c) What is the functions of bridge in network connection?(2mk) d) What is the difference between I.P address and M.A.C address?(2mk) 13. a) Why are computers referred to as digital device?(2mk) b) Apart from text name other types of data that can be stored in binary form(2mk). 14. What is the difference between website and a webpage?(2mk) b. What is a web browser?(2mk) c) State three examples of web browsers ,(2mk) 15. Why are you advised not to share your personal data online?(2mk) b) State three examples of personal data.(2mk) 16. We always used passwords to secure our devices, why do you thing a password like this”1234 ” is a poor password?(2mk)

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17. a) Computer viruses are said to be harmful to our computers, describe how one can protect their computer from viruses.(4mk) b) What is anti-virus?(2mk) 18. Sarah let her computer in the office, and later she found it hacked. A) What is Hacking?(2mk) b) Describe how you can prevent your computer from hackers(2mk) 19. State five safety measures that you should take while using the internet.(5mk) 20. Social media has become a common means of communication among the youth . a) Name three examples of social media platforms.(3mk) b) State two disadvantages of using social media , (2mk) Success