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P3 ENGLISH Comprehension Answering questions based on an information report Read the information report carefully and answer the questions that follow. Write the numbers of the correct answers in the brackets provided. The Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean in the world. It takes up one third of the earth’s surface. It is the world’s largest body of water. It was named by a famous Portuguese explorer called Ferdinand Magellan. With the large area that it covers, there is a wide variety of marine life there. More than twenty different species of fish can be found in the Pacific Ocean. Many types of fish that man eats can be found in the Pacific Ocean. These include salmon, mackerel and sardines. Industrial fishing is carried out in the Pacific Ocean with companies catching large quantities of fish very often. When man catches a lot of fish and the fish cannot reproduce fast enough, the number of fish will fall. Over time, that species of fish will become extinct. In 2008, researchers studied the fish in the Pacific Ocean. Slightly less than half of the fish had plastic in their stomachs. Some species of fish had more than fifty plastic fragments in their stomachs. These pieces of plastic come from bottles, other containers and fishing lines. When these items break down, they become very small and some even look like plankton. Fish, like the lanternfish, eat the plastic because they think that they are eating their usual food. Scientists are also worried that when man eats these fish, they will also be eating the plastic in them. A landslide caused an oil pipe to burst and oil to pollute Faria Beach in California. Oil spilt into the ocean and although a clean-up was done swiftly, it still took several days. It was unclear how the marine creatures were affected by the oil spill. Any effects such as the extinction of the creatures might take months or maybe years to show. Oil has therefore polluted the Pacific Ocean. 1 The Pacific Ocean got its name from . (1) Portugal (3) researchers (2) an explorer (4) the marine life ( ) Taken from SCORE WORKBOOK 3 © Singapore Asia Publishers Pte Ltd SAPENGP3_W08 Website: | Facebook: Singapore-Asia-Publishers Page 1/6

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